There are a number of environmental questions surrounding the Nordstream 1 & 2 Pipeline Projects.
Most of the discussion surrounding Nordstream 2 has focussed on the energy security, EU energy law and compliance with EU Energy Union policy issues. There is however another major and largely overlooked issue: The environment. The Baltic Sea is one of the most environmentally sensitive and fragile bodies of water on earth. There are a range of concerns from the route of both Nordstream 1 and 2 which takes the pipelines through two World War Two munitions dumps; to the security and environmental implications of concentrating 20% of Europe’s natural gas supply down one narrow undersea route; through to failures in the operation of the Environmental Impact Assessment process and the growing dangers from ageing chemical weaponry dumped in the Baltic Sea. The argument made here is that there are number of significant environmental concerns that must be addressed. This paper recommends a series of measures from the EU and the Member States from a distinct new route for NS2; to an independent second EIA assessment; to considering establishing a liability fund funded by Nordstream to compensate injured fisherman.